PST 050 - English for Business Communication (2)

This course will help you prepare for your job search by developing the essential business correspondence language skills: grammar and proper usage, punctuation, hyphenation and division of words, capitalization, abbreviations, contractions, and proofreading. In addition, you will study and practice various forms of written communications expected by employers to reinforce language skills that will lead to your career portfolio. The career portfolio will reflect learner's current knowledge and skills, as they relate to the employer's expectations. Professional use of social media will also be addressed. Although the focus of this class is the learning of English, bilingual teaching methods that utilize American Sign Language will be applied. The course will be student-centered and responsive to individual needs based on assessments and observation in the discussions.

PST 070 - Pre-College Mathematics (4)

This course is designed to promote mathematical literacy among liberal arts students and to prepare students for GSR 104. The approach in this course helps students increase their knowledge of mathematics, sharpen their problem-solving skills, and raise their overall confidence in their ability to learn and communicate mathematics. Technology is integrated throughout to help students interpret real-life data algebraically, numerically, symbolically, and graphically. Topics include calculator skills, number sense, basic algebraic manipulation, solving linear equations, graphing of linear equations, and their applications. Access to mathematics instructional software is provided to support and enhance student learning. A graphing calculator is required.

PST 102 - ASL Special Topic: Classifiers I (1)

This course introduces the students to basic classifiers. Skill-building activities are included.

Prerequisite: Completion of ASL 1 or permission of the department.

PST 105 - ASL Special Topic: Classifiers II (1)

This course focuses on application and expansion of classifiers. Rules will be provided for classifier use in various contexts, emphasizing how the signer's perspective influences the selection of the appropriate classifier.

Prerequisites: PST 303 or permission of the department

PST 111 - Basic French I (4)

This is the first part of a two-semester course sequence. Intensive study of the principles of grammar and usage of the language. Basic vocabulary building, reading, composition, and translation of elementary texts. A contrastive grammar approach will be incorporated, drawing upon elements of English and ASL. Expressive use of the target language will be supported by real-time conferencing software and/or simple fingerspelling-based activities. While oral/aural skills are not normally taught, they may be incorporated optionally into the curriculum. Students will also be exposed to aspects of the target culture(s), including information on the deaf community abroad, where feasible. Four hours of classroom-based instruction will be supplemented by a required weekly session in the department's Learning Laboratory.

PST 112 - Basic French II (4)

This is the second semester of a two-semester course sequence. Intensive study of the principles of grammar and usage of the language. Basic vocabulary building, reading, composition, and translation of elementary texts. A contrastive grammar approach will be incorporated, drawing upon elements of English and ASL. Expressive use of the target language will be supported by real-time conferencing software and/or simple fingerspelling-based activities. While oral/aural skills are not normally taught, they may be incorporated optionally into the curriculum. Students will also be exposed to aspects of the target culture(s), including information on the deaf community abroad, where feasible. Four hours of classroom-based instruction will be supplemented by a required weekly session in the department's Learning Laboratory.

PST 113 - Basic Spanish I (4)

This is the first part of a two-semester course sequence. The course consists of an intensive study of the principles of Spanish grammar and usage of the language. The course also focuses on basic vocabulary building, reading, composition, and translation of elementary texts. A contrastive grammar approach will be incorporated, drawing upon elements of English and ASL. Students will also be exposed to aspects of the target culture(s), including information on its deaf communities abroad. Spanish Sign Language (LSE) will be integrated to support the vocabulary of each textbook chapter.

PST 117 - Introduction to Japanese Sign Language (3)

This course aims to introduce you to basic Japanese Sign Language that deaf people use everyday. The conversation and analysis sections are two halves of one course. Both are designed to immerse you in the language and give you practical ability as quickly as possible. Analysis section (Tuesday): Special attention to viewing of videos, and learning phases and vocabulary. Conversation section (Thursday): Special attention to language use in conversation, learning how to use phrases and vocabulary in conversation, discuss grammar, and gaining cultural knowledge.

PST 125 - Beginner Cued American English (2)

This course covers two critical areas in Beginner Cued American English: skills development and context. The skills portion of this course covers all eight handshapes and phonemes used in the system then focuses on developing proficient expressive skills and beginning receptive skills. This course also covers related topics such as the various applications of cued American English and evidence based use with children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. Discussions on various ways how cued American English and American Sign Language can be immersed in a variety of settings will also take place.

PST 136 - Beginning Fingerspelling (1)

This course is designed to help students develop receptive and expressive fingerspelling skills used in American Sign Language. Within a range of contexts and using a variety of topics, the instructor will guide the students through extensive fingerspelling drills that emphasize clear form and transitions.

Prerequisites: Completion of ASL II or permission of the department

PST 137 - Intermediate Fingerspelling (1)

This course expands the emphasis on using fingerspelled and abbreviated words as well as lexicalized signs in ASL within a range of contexts. The instructor will guide the student through dialogues and short stories that emphasize clear form and transitions.

Prerequisites: Completion of Beginning Fingerspelling or equivalent and permission of program coordinator

PST 170 - NIC Test Preparation: Written (1)

This course will prepare potential test candidates to pass the written component of the National Interpreting Certification examination. The course will cover the ten content domains tested in this examination and techniques for handling the type of multiple choice test questions utilized. Students will take several practice tests to gauge their readiness for the actual examination. This course has pass/fail grading.

PST 172 - American History II (3)

This is a general survey of American history since the Civil War. Topics in this course include; Reconstruction, foreign policy, political reforms, women's history, technological and economic growth, immigration, civil rights, and America's complex identity in the 20th century.

PST 175 - World Civilization (3)

A survey of the history of world civilizations from approximately 1500 to the present. Topics usually include the European Age of Exploration; early-modern Europe; the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment; the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions; early-modern Asia and Southeast Asia; the early-modern Muslim Empires; early-modern Africa; democratic and liberal revolutions of the 18th century; the ideologies (Liberalism, Conservatism, Socialism); late 19th century Imperialism; Latin America in the 19th century; the First World War and Russian Revolution; 20th century Asia; 20th century dictatorships and the Second World War; post-war America and Europe; contemporary Asia and Africa; the emergence of the Third World.

PST 176 - Gender and Communication (3)

They dynamics of gender and communication are experienced daily by all humans, so to some degree we all have "opinions" about gender and communication. Trying to study the connections can be overwhelming. This course takes an exciting and sometimes challenging tour of this subject using reading, writing, discussion, and presentation to explore culture, family, education, the working world, media, biology and religion to discover what each teaches us about gender and communication.

PST 177 - Communication Accessibility (3)

The ability to have access to communications is an important foundation for empowerment of people who are deaf and hard of hearing. This course explores how communication accessibility is achieved through study of current and emerging technology, trends in industry, public policies, and the government agencies that enforce these policies. Access to telecommunications (including internet and wireless communications, relay services, etc.), information, video media, emergency services, public accommodations, employment, education, and other contexts are included.

PST 178 - Digital Storytelling (3)

The traditional craft of storytelling takes on a new form through the use of digital media. The online course offers the students an introduction to methods and strategies for the design and production of digital media as well as creative digital stories for dissemination on the Internet. Through the use of multimedia technology, the students will produce their own new media and digital stories from text and storyboarding, to the moving image and interactive environments. The students will assume the role of a professional writer, director, producer and editor. The storyteller becomes the filmmaker and uses photographs, documents, community archives, and his/her own-recorded videos to create a short digital story. The course will also explore creative digital storytelling techniques to be used as an educational tool as well as the copyright and fair use in an educational setting.

PST 179 - Intro to Documentary Film Studies (3)

By taking this 3-credit course, students will learn about the history of documentary film and its various genres, explore filmic devices employed to convey meaning and propel story, develop documentary film treatments, and considerations for dual language film production. The course will also touch on the business of non-fiction filmmaking. By watching and discussing historic and contemporary documentary films (both iconic and lesser known titles) and through selected readings, students will learn about the formation of documentary film and the different creative approaches being used today to convey factual content. Through class activities, students will deconstruct documentary films to identify the genre, story architecture, format, and creative devices used and to assess the overall effectiveness. Students will research topics, identify target audiences, list resources, and develop treatments that outline an approach for conveying the information in creative and effective styles. Throughout the course we will discuss strategies Deaf filmmakers may want to consider when developing and producing documentaries for various audiences.

PST 180 - Introduction to Playwriting (3)

An introduction to the basic principles of creating plays for the stage. Various ways of making a play will be explored through: writing, improvisations, collaboration with other writers and/or actors, videotapes, and adaptations of other literary forms (poetry, fiction, nonfiction) into dramatic forms.

Prerequisites: Permission of Instructor

PST 202 - Dynamics of Oppression (3)

This course examines various forms of oppression by looking across different cultures and communities, and then examines possible parallels occurring within the deaf community. Students are expected to develop a course project at the end of the semester.

PST 210 - Introduction to Deaf Studies (3)

This online course helps students appreciate deaf culture, American Sign Language, and the deaf community as contributors to the heritage in the United States and abroad. It gives students a chance to reevaluate these contributions through scholarship and research in advanced courses.

PST 212 - Deaf Culture (3)

This is a survey of the various areas of study of deaf culture in the United States (history, folklore, anthropology and sociology). The course begins with a macro-view at the term "culture" as it is seen through American eyes. The definition will then be applied to the Deaf experience. The course will end with an exploration of diversity within the global Deaf community.

PST 213 - Introduction to Cultural Studies (3)

How does "culture" shape the way we see the world? Cultural Studies assumes that the meanings in this world are central in creating us-individually and collectively. DST 202 explores cultural reading, examining various texts around us including ideologies. Students will set to understand how culture transmits a view of the world and power through critical analysis. Students will inquiry how culture, identity and history frame experiences.

Materials: The Theory Tool Box (2nd edition) by Nealon and Giroux

Prerequisite Completion of DST 201/PST 212 or permission of department,

PST 222 - Deaf Women's Studies (3)

This course explores how the field of women's studies came into being by way of the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention. Issues faced by both hearing and deaf women will be investigated: career, educational opportunities, reproduction, and patriarchy, among others.

PST 223 - Black Deaf People's Studies (3)

This course primarily examines Black Deaf people in America as well as those in the Caribbean Islands and Africa. The course is organized to focus on the history, education, community and culture, language and psychosocial forces which influence their experience. It will concentrate on the social, political and cultural development of a unique group of people that are part of both the general Deaf community and the Black community. Readings will be from varied journalistic literature.

PST 227 - Introduction to Deaf Literature (3)

This class will focus primarily on works by deaf writers/ASL artists with an examination of "the image of the deaf" and "the deaf experience" in literature.

Prerequisite: GSR150 or ENG204 or permission of the instructor.

PST 229 - Multicultural Lives: Ethnographic Studies (3)

This course will introduce students to multicultural perspectives of the Deaf Community. It will include theoretical frameworks, socialization processes, and identity development theories that impact our individual and collective identities. While its primary focus is on the American Deaf Community, the deaf immigrant experience will also be included and examined. Pre-requisite: Completion of the GSR Learning Cluster; DST 201

Prerequisite: Completion of the GSR Learning Cluster; DST 201

PST 259 - History of the American Deaf Community (3)

This course will introduce students to the history of the American Deaf community. While recent studies in social history have challenged our notions of race, class, and gender, historians have not yet fully addressed a fundamental component in our historical identity: physical ability and its underlying concept of normality. A close study of Deaf history offers one approach to this issue, and students will confront some of the specific issues facing this minority group. Particular attention will be paid to the ways in which deafness has been interpreted within the mainstream community, as well as how the Deaf people have expressed and preserved their cultural identity. By studying the changes in this group and its relation to hearing society, this course also raises broader issues of cultural identity in the United States.

PST 260 - Disability Studies (3)

This course will introduce students to the field of Disability Studies. As an emerging interdisciplinary field of study, Disability Studies does not approach disability as a "medical condition, but as a human condition" (Charlton). Instead of studying the causes and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, we will explore the historical, social, political, religious, philosophical, and cultural influences that "construct" the category of "disability." We will also examine how persons with disabilities construct their own meanings and identities.

PST 265 - Wilderness Travel (3)

Gallaudet Adventure Recreation courses combine the study of recreation, culture, history, decision making, Leave No Trace and leadership skills. Students not only read Thoreau, but like him, they travel into nature (to the mountains, rivers, or the seashore). You will camp hike, kayak, whitewater raft and write about these experiences. These courses give you the opportunity to learn, have fun, have the experience of a lifetime, while earning three credits!

PST 276 - Advanced American Sign Language (3)

Advanced study of ASL grammar through ASL narratives and literature is covered. Further development and refinement skills including fluency of signing are expected. Accentuates aspects of deaf culture and community through spontaneously generated conversations including strong emphasis on receptive and expressive skills. Semantic analysis of ASL is required. This course also includes assessment of students' sign production and comprehensive skills to prepare for language proficiency examinations. The assessment will include the following areas: grammatical accuracy, vocabulary development, fluency, production (accent), and comprehension.

Prerequisites: ASL V and permission of program coordinator

PST 300 - Visual Gestural Communication (3)

This course will develop capabilities in nonverbal, visual gestural communication, body language, facial expression, and studying gestures as a form of communication and basis for visual language. Emphasis is on developing the ability to think in pictures and building expressive and receptive communication skills.

PST 301 - American Sign Language I (3)

This course introduces the basics of American Sign Language (ASL) and is designed for students who have little or no previous knowledge of ASL. Readiness for learning will be approached via visual-gestural communication techniques, visual discrimination, and visual memory exercises. ASL questions, commands, and other simple sentence structures are introduced to develop rudimentary conversational skills in ASL. Information about the Deaf Community and Deaf Culture will be introduced.

PST 302 - American Sign Language II (3)

This course is designed to continue development of American Sign Language (ASL) with a primary focus on refining the use of basic ASL sentence types. Pronominalization, classifiers, spatial referencing, pluralization, and temporal and distributional aspect are introduced. Students will learn routine communicative functions of the language: asking, requesting, providing clarification, giving and asking for directions. Information about the Deaf community and Deaf culture will be included.

Prerequisites: ASL I with a grade of "B" or better or equivalent and permission of the department.

PST 303 - American Sign Language III (3)

This course builds on skills learned in American Sign Language II, adding more complex ASL grammatical features and vocabulary, short stories, narratives, and dialogues. Discourse will include description of general surroundings, appropriate sequencing, temporal aspects and conditionals. Information about the Deaf Community and Deaf Culture will be included.

Prerequisites: ASL II with a grade of "B" or better, or equivalent and permission of the department.

PST 304 - American Sign Language IV (3)

This course expands on the development of American Sign Language (ASL) vocabulary and grammar, including the use of two to three character role shifts. Students describe settings and explain or discuss everyday objects and their use, step-by-step processes, cause and effect, and culturally significant topics relating to the Deaf Community.

Prerequisites: ASL III with a grade of "B" or better or equivalent and permission of the department.

PST 305 - American Sign Language V (3)

This course applies knowledge of American Sign Language (ASL) grammar and vocabulary to the description of increasing complex constructs, processes and situations. Students incorporate multiple character role shifting into medium-length stories, narratives and the discussion of hypothetical issues. Information on cultural values and attitudes as they relate to the Deaf community is also examined.

Prerequisites: ASL IV with a grade of "B" or better, or equivalent and permission of the department.

PST 306 - American Sign Language VI (3)

This course gives emphasis to semantics, and incorporates advanced American Sign Language (ASL) grammar and vocabulary within sophisticated discourse. Students use appropriate register, a wide range of ASL sentence types, classifiers, conditionals, relative clauses and non-manual signals to explain complex constructs, processes and situations. A variety of communicative competencies are addressed including requesting clarification and providing elaboration. Information on cultural values and attitudes as they relate to the Deaf Community is also examined.

Prerequisites: ASL V with a grade of "B" or better, or equivalent and permission of program coordinator.

PST 310 - American Sign Language and Deaf Studies (3)

The purpose of the course is to prepare students to engage in critical, academic thinking through American Sign Language. Students will be introduced to historical, linguistic, literary and academic dimensions of American Sign Language. Students will learn the differences between formal and informal uses of language and gain experiences in critical analysis of American Sign Language texts. This course will also explore the theme of "Deaf Lives" and engage students in thinking about the complexities involved in identity construction and what it means to live Deaf lives today.

PST 322 - ASL and English: Comparative Analysis (3)

This course covers areas of vocabulary, semantics, grammar and organization of ASL and English. Students look at the linguistic aspects of both languages and compare the two. The class also covers word classes and sentence structure of both languages. To assist students in understanding the structure of both languages, discussion of how languages work is included.

PST 323 - Professional Preparation of Sign Language Education (1-3)

This course is designed to build on the knowledge, skills and experiences of previous and concurrent coursework. This course will introduce students to the profession of sign language education and understanding the academic system.

Prerequisite: ASL 709, 724, 741, 743 and 750; or permission of the program coordinator

PST 324 - Sign Language Media Production (3)

Visual media has changed the way we communicate. With the advent of new tools and platforms, possibilities of publishing has proliferated, allowing a wider discourse of ideas to be shared with a vast audience. This course explores these opportunities and will introduce students to the tools and skills necessary to produce digital media. Through a hands-on approach, this course will allow students to capture, import and edit digital video in a variety of platforms and genres. Students will participate in a workshop approach to hone their skills at "writing" through digital media.

PST 325 - Sign Language Interpreting as a Career (1)

An introduction to the basic theories, principles and practices of interpreting, this course will addresses the history of the profession, interpreters' roles and responsibilities, and national/local organization for interpreters. It is appropriate for beginning interpreters, advanced sign language students, and professionals who work with deaf people. Information is divided into four units: the field, the process, the ethics and the settings. Areas of focus include: explanation of the purpose, content and application of the Code of Professional Conduct; identification of physical and environmental factors that affect the interpreting process; development of basic business practices related to the field; discussion of the theories and models of the sign language interpreting process; development of current issues within the field of interpreting; and the basics of interpreting in specific settings and with various communication methods.

PST 326 - NIC Test Preparation: Interview/Performance (1)

This course will prepare test candidates to take the interview and performance components of the current National Interpreter Certification examination. For the interview portion, students will practice responding to ethical scenarios as they are presented in the test. They will practice with hypothetical questions and record themselves responding to a mock exam. For the performance portion, the ten skill domains will be covered. Students will record themselves taking a mock performance exam and analyze their work. This course has pass/fail grading.

Prerequisites: Students must have taken PST170 Introduction to Interpreting, passed the NIC Written Exam, or have permission of the instructor.

PST 352 - Interpretation Immersion: Enrich your interpretations with the power of depiction (3)

This course is designed for interpreters working in scientific and technical settings that often require expression in advanced ASL discourse. This course will explore and teach the three vital components of an effective ASL message: advanced non-manual signals, classifiers, and facial grammar. Students will get hand-on practice with scientific, medical, and technical texts, and learn to create more effective and engaging translations.

PST 354 - Multimedia Translation (1-3)

This course focuses on the skills required for effective rendering of English written and spoken texts (official correspondence, promotional materials, websites, museum guides, etc.) into recorded ASL. The course includes critical analysis and application for systematically analyzing English written and spoken texts (i.e. intended readership, means of expression, information and function, constraints) in order render a recorded ASL equivalent text, and of understanding and developing the cognitive and video editing skills for rendering a variety of recorded ASL texts. Students will be introduced to and practice translation and text analysis techniques through, paraphrasing and rewriting a message while retaining its meaning in ASL. Students will address theoretical constructs of multimedia translation, as well as application of strategies and techniques required for effective video editing. This class focuses on the rendering of written and spoken (accessed via written English) texts into recorded ASL.

PST 356 - ASL Discourse for Interpreters (1)

This is an introductory course dealing with the grammatical and discourse-level structure of ASL. Emphasis is placed on identifying features of ASL and addressing their relevance to interpretation. Course topics include ASL grammar and syntax, turn taking, constructed action and constructed dialogue, and repair strategies.

PST 357 - Interactive Discourse Analysis (3)

This course focuses on analyzing discourse in dialogue situations/genres of English and American Sign Language (ASL) so that students become explicitly aware of features of language use in everyday life. Students transcribe and analyze linguistic features of conversations while reading and discussing theoretical notions underlying language use.

PST 361 - Introduction to the Structure of American Sign Language (3)

An introduction to the "phonology," grammar, and semantics of American Sign Language, including studies of variations in structure related to factors of region, social class, ethnicity, age, and sex; studies of child language acquisition of American Sign Language; and studies of short-term memory processing in American Sign Language. Some comparisons with English and other languages will be offered.

PST 373 - Introduction to First and Second Language Acquisition (3)

This course introduces students to the acquisition of a native language by young children (L1 acquisition) and acquisition of a second language after childhood (L2 acquisition). The first part of the course covers the important milestones of normal L1 development in phonology, morphology, syntax and pragmatics for both spoken and signed languages. The course then explores how delays in exposure affect the acquisition process, leading to the main topics of the second part of the course: critical period effects and L2 acquisition. Readings and discussion throughout the course will reflect the perspective that acquisition studies on a broad variety of languages, both signed and spoken, are crucial for developing accurate theories of language structure and use. Application of concepts from lectures and discussion is encouraged through student collection and analysis of L1 and L2 data.

PST 374 - Sign Language & Sign Systems (3)

An introduction to the major features of languages and to the structure, use, and variation in the sign languages and sign systems commonly used in the United States. The course will cover four major topics: (1) Language: The nature and definition of languages, the uniqueness of language, and contrasts between language and other forms of communication; (2) Language and Culture: The role of language in human society, with special focus on language acquisition, language identity, and bilingualism; (3) American Sign Language Structure: A survey of the major features of the linguistic structure of ASL. Topics are: Phonology: the structure of the physical signals; Morphology: the basic structure and composition of meaningful units of ASL; Syntax: word order and nonmanual syntactic signals in ASL sentences; (4) Language Variation: Language variation and language contact in the deaf community, including discussions of contact varieties of signing and systems for representing English.

PST 375 - Language Learning by Eye or by Ear (1)

This one-credit course is designed to introduce the layperson to the basics of first language acquisition, focusing on sign language acquisition as the point of departure. The first few lectures of the course will provide a crash-course in linguistics for beginners, as well as provide background for the importance of studying child language development, particularly in the context of deafness and sign language. The remainder of the course is organized chronologically, from birth to 36 months, highlighting the major developmental milestones for each age and expanding to discuss current research on selected topics of interest for each age period.

PST 376 - Iconicity and Depiction (3)

In this course, students are introduced to a descriptive framework with which to identify and analyze iconicity and depiction in ASL and other signed languages. The first part of the course focuses on depiction typology, covering role-shifting, constructed action and dialogue, classifier constructions/depicting verbs, aspectual constructions, metaphorical depictions, and other imagistic uses of space. In the second part of the course, we examine depiction in artistic and academic settings as well as in everyday conversations and narratives.

PST 400 - Health Psychology (3)

This course discusses research into the ways behavior, mental states, culture, and physical health interact. Factors underlying health, disease, prevention and treatment occur within cultural contexts that affect our views, behaviors, lifestyles and approaches will be explored. This course will also examine how socio-cultural settings in America influences development, health beliefs, and health behaviors.

PST 401 - Cognition (3)

This course will provide an overview of various components of human cognition, including learning, memory, perception, and higher-level functions. In addition, this course will introduce experimental techniques used to advance our understanding of human cognition.

PST 402 - Development I: Child Psychology (3)

This course examines the physical, psychological, social, and cognitive development from conception to the end of childhood. It will include discussion of the interaction of genetic and environmental factors in shaping of personality. It will describe language development and social and emotional adjustment of the child.

PST 403 - Development II: The Psychology of Adolescence (3)

A study of developmental processes in adolescence. Included is the study of puberty and the intellectual, social, moral, emotional, religious, sexual, personality, and family transitions occurring during this period. Emphasis is given to the influence of the above changes on personal identity and current problems of the adolescent in American society. Also included is a discussion of levels of aspiration and vocational choice.

PST 404 - Development III: Adulthood and Aging (3)

A study of the developmental process from adulthood until death. Includes the establishment of identity, vocational choices, marriage and the family, crisis of middle adulthood, problems of the aged, death, and bereavement.

PST 407 - Lifespan Development (3)

In this course, students will examine major models of human development across the lifespan. Biological and psychological approaches will be used to examine physical, cognitive, and social development from conception to death. Specific attention will be paid to cultural and ethnic diversity in development.

PST 436 - Business Computer Applications (3)

This course focuses on computer applications that are used widely in business. The course emphasizes the use of spreadsheets and database applications. Through hands-on training and lectures, student will learn to create professional looking spreadsheet documents and personal database management systems.

PST 443 - Social and Professional Issues in IT (3)

This course explores how IT has changed the nature of society and contributed to evolution of global economy. It examines changing nature of work, education, and communication, and ethical issues such as intellectual property rights, legal issues in computing, computer-related crimes, privacy concerns, and public policy issues.

PST 451 - Business Finance (3)

This course examines the basic principles of financial management and provides opportunities to develop basic quantitative, research, and critical analytical skills that are useful to a financial manager. Topics include financial managerial functions and responsibilities, risk/return trade-off, ethics and social responsibility, taxation issues, financial institutions and economic environment, interest rate analysis, financial statement analysis, time value of money, and valuation techniques.

PST 452 - The Psychology of an Entrepreneur: Have You Got What It Takes? (3)

What are the challenges facing a deaf entrepreneur? What are the characteristics and traits and how do I make it work for me? Are you that person to run your own shop? This course will examine typical characteristics of an entrepreneur, whether you work in a corporate setting, run your own business or manage a not-for-profit business. Sir Winston Churchill once said, "Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm." As an entrepreneur, you're going to fail. That's just a fact. Case studies will be presented and expanded through reading materials, role play and presentations.

PST 453 - Business Ethics (3)

This course is cross-listed and is otherwise known as PHI 341. It introduces the student to the normative theories of moral philosophy as they apply to business. Students use films, case studies and current events to critically assess how to resolve moral issues commonly faced by managers, employees, marketers, and consumers.

PST 454 - Business Law I (3)

This course introduces students to the American business legal environment and covers basic concepts in legal reasoning, the American judicial system, U.S. constitution, torts, crime, contracts, corporations and partnerships, agency, employment law, employment discrimination, and business ethics and social responsibility.

PST 455 - Business Law II (3)

This course introduces students to the American business legal environment and covers basic concepts in legal reasoning, agency, employment law, corporations and partnerships, bankruptcy, antitrust, consumer law, environmental law, sales and the Uniform Commercial Code, various forms of property law (cyber, intellectual, real and personal), and wills and trusts.

PST 465 - Proficiency in MS Excel 2013 (3)

This instructor-supported and self-paced hands-on course is designed to train individuals to become proficient in Microsoft Excel 2013. It prepares students to take Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS) in Excel 2013 certification exam and become certified by passing the exam. MOS in Excel 2013 certification is recognized around the world! The course contents follow the MOS exam objectives and skill sets which include: create, manage, and share worksheets and workbooks; create cells and ranges; create tables, charts, and objects; create and apply formulas and functions; apply customer formats and layouts; and perform what-if analysis. As soon as a student completes the required learning activities, he/she can register at as a certification exam candidate and use online practice exam (paid for by the course fees) to prepare for the actual exam. Exam voucher is included in the course fees. Students can take the MOS certification exam in EC206, the authorized test center by Certiport.

Prerequisites: BUS181, or ITS101, or permission by the instructor.

Course Fee: $150.00

PST 471 - Financial Accounting (3)

This course introduces students to basic financial accounting theory and practice. It provides students with the ability to understand business activities and the decisions that managers make by studying the accounting method used in preparing financial reports. The course emphasizes user approach to teach students how to interpret financial reports in an accurate and relevant way and how accounting methods affect the evaluation of business results and the quality of business decision.

Prerequisite: BUS 101

Co-requisite: BUS 181

PST 472 - Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3)

Management (or Managerial) Accounting comprises financial and nonfinancial information intended to meet internal users' needs. It involves the development and interpretation of accounting information intended to assist management in the operation of the business. Topics include financial statement analysis and the use of accounting information for planning and control, performance evaluation, and decision-making. The course will cover cost behavior, job order costing, process costing, cost volume-profit relationship, relevant costing/benefits, budgeting, activity-based costing, cash flow and financial statement analysis. Computer lab is required.

Prerequisite: ACC 201 and BUS 181

PST 481 - American Constitutional Law: Checks & Powers (3)

This course is an in-depth examination of the powers of government under the constitution. Primary focus is upon Articles I through VII and topics such as judicial, legislative and executive powers; federalism; regulation of commerce and property rights; war powers.

PST 555 - Business and Technical Writing (3)

Study and practice of professional writing skills and genres, such as resumes, letters of application, emails, memos, proposals, short and long reports, and manuals. Also covers technical aspects of editing.

PST 561 - Business and Professional Communication (3)

This course prepares students to be effective communicators in the workplace and includes interviewing, professional presentations at staff meetings, business writing, and interaction with a variety of professionals.

PST 562 - Introduction to Mass Communication (3)

This course involves a critical study of the development, scope, influence, and theories of mass communication in America.

Prerequisite: COM 290 and junior or senior standing or permission of the department.

PST 565 - Creative Writing (3)

This course gives practice in the writing of fiction, drama, poetry, and other forms. There will be analysis and critique of students' writings held in group and individual conferences. The emphasis on specific genre(s) may vary semester to semester according to the instructor's writing specialty.

PST 598 - Successful Grant Writing, Part 1 (3)

Working in a highly interactive online environment, participants gain hands on experience in how nonprofits, state and federal agencies, and schools can develop successful non-construction grant applications for funding. This course will provide a grant writing experience over 8 weeks for individuals with experience in working within the United States nonprofit or educational sectors (i.e. program staff, university faculty, executive directors, school administrators and program directors). All assignments, discussions, group activities and other forms of participation will be conducted online. Participants are expected to critically respond to questions and engage in inquiry both individually and with others to reflect upon the grant writing process. At the end of the course, participants will have a completed grant proposal for submission.

PST 599 - Successful Grant Writing, Part II (3)

Successful Grant Writing, Part II. Working in a highly interactive environment, participants will gain hands-on experience in how nonprofits, state agencies, and others can develop successful applications for federal, state and private funding. Topics will include: do's and don'ts of proposal writing, importance of building relationships with funders, researching funding opportunities, creating a need statement, defining goals and objectives, developing an evaluation plan, establishing an action plan, preparing a budget, tailoring proposals to specific audiences, and keeping track of grant requests. Each participant will leave the course with a completed grant ready for submission.

Prerequisites: PST 598 or permission of the instructor

PST 602 - Deaf Women's Leadership Seminar (1-3)

The Deaf Women's Leadership Seminar provides deaf women with an invigorating environment for self-awareness, exploration, actualization and leadership development. The program also strives to improve the quality of the participants' lives through community engagement, service, and development. Training modules will be offered by nationally recognized deaf female leaders who will engage the participants in learning how to effectively advocate for their causes and to develop the skills and self-confidence they need to follow through.

PST 612 - Leadership Training in Theatre Arts for Deaf and Hard of Hearing People of Color (3)

This intensive training program focuses on three distinct areas: 1) history of deaf theater and theater arts of color, 2) actors movements, and 3) play production. The program is designed specifically for deaf people of color, who are interested in leisure or professional participation in deaf theaters. Students will develop knowledge of theatre history and dramatic literature, basic or specialized skills/training in the theatre arts, skills in script analysis, and production skills.

PST 677 - Capstone III: ASL/English Bilingual Early Childhood Education for 0-5 (1)

This capstone project course provides the opportunity for candidates in the ASL/English Bilingual Early Childhood Education: Birth to Five Certificate Program to apply and demonstrate skills, knowledge, and dispositions developed throughout the courses in the program through completing a self-designed capstone project. Candidates will complete the project before completing the program.

PST 697 - Theoretical Perspectives of ASL/English Bilingual Education for Birth-5 (3)

This course introduces the candidates theoretical perspectives and current research of bilingualism. It is designed for the candidates to acquire an understanding of the concepts related to the development of bilingual language abilities (signacy, oracy, and literacy) for children 0-5 years of age. This course examines bilingual communities, bilingual deaf and hearing children and their language development and use, the bilingual brain, language maintenance and shift, transference, code switching and language attitudes. The course will also address historical and cultural aspects of bilingualism in early childhood deaf education

PST 728 - Deaf Learners on the Autism Spectrum (3)

Deaf and hard of hearing students with autism spectrum disorders have unique learning characteristics that present challenges for teachers, parents, and caregivers. This course is designed for practicing teachers and family members of deaf and hard of hearing students. It will address the specific characteristics and learning needs of deaf and hard of hearing students with autism spectrum disorders with a communication perspective and offer strategies for dealing with a variety of situations in different environments. A collaborative approach that addresses solutions to increase effectiveness in the area of the home/school continuum will be provided. Students must have BA/BS and have completed an introductory course in education of exceptional children or permission of instructor.

PST 748 - GRE General Test Preparation Course (1)

This course prepares students for taking the general GRE as they prepare for applying to graduate school. Students will learn test taking strategies for the general test as well as any other testing situation. Students will learn the type of questions presented on the exam and learn to identify the purpose and goals of questions in order to better answer them. Review of verbal and quantitative content as well as writing will further prepare students for the GRE. This course includes 12 hours of asynchronous learning where students will take skill building quizzes online in each of the content area.

PST 750 - Praxis 1 Test Preparation: Reading (1)

This class provides participants with the opportunity for skill improvement, strengthening of test-taking, and sample test practice for the Reading section of the Praxis I: Pre-Professional Skills Assessments (PPST) test. Participants will work with the instructor to review strategies to understand, analyze, and evaluate written messages in a multiple choice format. Class is taught in ASL.

PST 751 - Praxis 1 Test Preparation: Mathematics (1)

The class provides participants with the opportunity for skill improvement, strengthening of test-taking strategies, and sample test practice for the mathematics section of the Praxis 1: Pre-Professional Skills Assessments (PPST). Topics include problem solving, key concepts in mathematics, and the ability to reason in a quantitative way. Praxis practice tests provided.

PST 752 - Praxis 1 Test Preparation: Writing (1)

Participants are provided the opportunity to improve their ability to communicate effectively through writing and receive feedback on their strengths and weaknesses in preparation for the writing section of the Praxis I: Pre-Professional Skills Assessment. The sessions will also provide practice in recognizing errors in grammar, structure, mechanics, word choice and idiomatic use in a multiple choice format.

PST 758 - Nutrition for Health (3)

Based on a study in California, the difference between a "healthy" and "unhealthy" diet in America can impact a person's lifespan by as much as thirteen years. This class studies nutrition science in depth, focusing on issues that affect Americans today; the current obesity epidemic, popular (fad) diets, popular sports supplements and energy drinks, herbal supplements, and fast food and its effect on our health and the environment. Students will be taught how to analyze popular diets and supplements, how to perform nutrition self-analysis and analyze BMI and body fat percentages, how to lose weight effectively and safely, and how to develop a healthy nutritious meal plan.

PST 759 - Introduction to Human Biology (4)

This course addresses human biology from beginning to end--sexual reproduction and birth to aging and death--and includes the physical developmental stages in between. Students will study the structure and functions of cells and organ systems and learn how these systems are integrated to support the human body over its life span. The course will cover a number of bioethical and diversity issues, including such topics as advances in medical technology, recombinant DNA, and human genome studies. Students will be introduced to basic research methods and scientific writing.

PST 800 - ASLTA Certificate Preparation (1)

This course is designed to prepare students to successfully apply for national ASL teaching certification with the ASL Teachers Association (ASLTA) or its equivalent.

Prerequisites: ASL 709, 724, 741, 743 and 750 or permission of the program coordinator

PST 857 - Fundamentals of Acting (3)

This introductory course familiarizes students with theories of body movement and trains students in the use of physical space, rhythm and balance for movement within theatrical context.

PST 875 - Psychology & Deaf People (3)

This is an online course for professionals who are new to the field of deafness and currently working with deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals. Topics covered include life-span developmental theories and issue related to deafness, including the emotional, cognitive/linguistic, behavioral, and cultural development of deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals. The influence of etiology/genetics, varying levels of hearing loss and age of onset, familial variables, linguistic and communication approaches, technology, educational settings, psychopathology, and cultural aspects on psychological functioning will be considered.

PST 879 - The School Psychology Licensure Exam: Praxis Preparation (1)

The School Psychology Licensure Exam (Praxis II School Psychologist, 0401) is required by state credentialing agencies in order to gain licensure/certification as a school psychologist. Additionally, a passing score on the exam is required to obtain the title of Nationally Certified School Psychologist. In this course, students who have already completed graduate coursework in a school psychology program will learn about the exam (including accommodations for test takers with disabilities and health-related needs), review the content that is covered (including aspects of diversity such as assessment considerations for special populations, factors related to academic success, and advocacy related to issues such as disproportionality, poverty, access, and equity), and develop personalized study plans (that are sensitive to individual strengths, needs, and resources).

PST 882 - Writing for the Social Profession (2)

This two-credit course is designed for students and professionals who would like to improve their written communication skills within the field of social work. Students in the course will learn strategies for improving their writing through experiential learning. The course will cover a variety of writing topics in areas such as human behavior in the social environment, social work practice, social policy, and research. Students will learn strategies for writing agency-based reports, such as case studies, focus group reports, grant writing, and professional letters.

PST 883 - Child Welfare (3)

This course introduces the student to the fields of child welfare with an emphasis on child maltreatment. It looks at child abuse and neglect in all its forms (physical, sexual, emotional) in an ecological context (individual, familial, social, and cultural forces that interact with one another to cause abuse). Students are introduced to the historical context of child maltreatment, the current social policies that are in place that affect the protection of children, and the role of the social worker in child protection. Also covered are the procedures for child abuse investigation and reporting, interviewing the child and family, and the role of the court system. Controversial issues and opposing viewpoints are considered such as imprisonment of abusers, effectiveness of prevention programs, foster care, and proposed policy changes designed to reduce violence and harm to children.

PST 884 - Play Therapy for Social Work (3)

This course is designed to give the candidate exposure to the various play therapies: play room, sand tray, art, movement, and psychodrama. Through reading, lecture, class discussion, case presentations, and role play simulations, candidates will become familiar with various techniques used with children in therapy and counseling. Candidates will discuss the applicability of these theories in working with deaf and hard of hearing children and youth as well as in working with children and youth with differing cultural and ethnic backgrounds.

PST 885 - Play Therapy in Counseling (3)

This course is designed to give the candidate exposure to the various play therapies: play room, sand tray, art, movement and psychodrama. Through reading, lecture, class discussion, case presentations, and role play simulations, candidates will become familiar with various techniques used with children in therapy and counseling. Candidates will discuss the applicability of these theories in working with deaf and hard of hearing children and youth; as well as in working with children and youth with differing cultural and ethnic backgrounds.

PST 895 - Social Work Licensure Preparation (1)

This course has been designed for social work students, graduates and professionals who want to prepare to take the social work licensing exam. The course is totally accessible to deaf and hard of hearing participants and will focus on some testing issues that impact this population. You will learn about the requirements for taking the exam, how to apply, what study materials are helpful, how to benefit from licensing practice materials, the content areas of the exam, important social work vocabulary, test taking strategies, special accommodation issues and more.

Prerequisites: It is assumed that interested students are eligible to take either the Masters, Advanced Generalist or Clinical level of the Social Work Licensing Exam.

PST 896 - Moral Philosophy (3)

The introductory study of the principles and methods of moral reasoning, with application to selected moral problems, this course focuses on breadth, not depth. The course is divided into 3 parts: the story as a tool of ethics, ethics of conflict, and virtue ethics. Students will apply what is learned about ethical theories to a variety of media, including narratives, case studies, movies, and popular culture.